The pigeons are known to man since the dawn of mankind, first to feed then as a messenger in wartime.
Historical data tell us that the pigeon was the fastest way to military communications for the Persians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans. Suffice it to say that Julius Caesar made it a wide use to conquer the “Gaul”.
It ‘clear that over time the “Crusades” is the Saracens is the Crusaders used the homing pigeon, in many cases, such as the siege of Jerusalem, the news carried by the Colombo were decisive.
In Ancient Greece the homing pigeon, as well as for the use of messenger in the war, it was used to carry religious messages and to spread the names of the winners of the “Olympics” for the whole country.
Without fear of contradiction the “Colombo traveler” is the animal most studied throughout the centuries; Aristotle, Varro and Pliny the Elder tried
to study and understand the inner workings that allow the Colombo to orient themselves and return with ease to the dovecote.
Various universities in the world, and between these and the University of Pisa, even today, assiduously studying the orientation of this beautiful animal.
On a sporting level the current “Colombo traveler” was born in Belgium in the first half of the nineteenth century.
The first sporting event to ‘Colombi Travelers’ was organized in Liège (Belgium) on 07/15/1820 and the winner in his cage, escorted by the’ fanfare of the city “was taken around the city streets and neighboring countries. The diploma certifying the victory, is still preserved in the group colombófilo of Liege.
The selection process, from a morphological point of view, it happened quickly. The Belgian farmers doing various crosses with pigeons mainly British, arrived in what is the current “Colombo traveler.” The selection, today, is still growing, not from a morphological point of view but from that of sport performance.
Today they breed more “doves” but, “pigeons” similar to flying machines, able to reach speeds of hourly 80-90-100 Km / h and capable of casting on a day to 700-800 Km.
In Italy the “pigeon” was born in 1877 in Emilia Romagna, thanks to the recovery of many pigeons, smarritisi in the area who were participating in a race from Rome to Brussels. The intersections of these pigeons was born the first “Italian race” of pigeons “the Columbus of Parma.” In 1878, in Florence, was founded the first “Society Colombofila” by a group of enthusiasts.
In the following years other companies colombofile came to light in Modena, Reggio Emilia, Parma and Bologna.
In 1902 was created the Federation Colombofila Emiliana which brought together various groups Emiliani. In 1903 with the accession of the groups of Florence and Genoa was born the “Federation Colombofila Italian”.
The first official newspaper of the federation was “Sport colombófilo”. Through the debates published by the magazine introduced the bird ringing is required and this is set out for what would have been a great future for this wonderful spor
The PIGEONS DURING WORLD WAR II
At the beginning of hostilities, in June 1940, our Army possessed forty dovecotes fixed, with a total of about ten thousand pigeons, with which was the basis for the organization of networks colombofile placed alongside other networks radio link and wire, in order to ensure the important service of links to war. On the front of the Western Alps were 7 and 9 dovecotes fixed furniture.
Were carried out at the dovecotes military, practical experiments of each species to ensure the delivery of dispatches in abnormal circumstances: in days of rain, fog, snow, wind unfavorable to the flight of doves, crossing the Alps. These experiments gave practical for constant result that the pigeons could normally provide a service sure to match the air in all circumstances, but less when the ground is covered with snow, because in that case the traveler does not return, that from short distances. Even when the cold is intense greatest losses occur in travelers, but the service was assured coll’inviare more pigeons carry the same dispatch. The speed resulted in average 50 to 60 km per hour calculated in a straight line.
One part of the dovecotes still went into operation at the beginning of the war against France, providing the pigeons to troops operating for the few days that lasted the offensive in this area. Despite the bad weather, of those days (rain and snow), the few pigeons that were used by the troops acquitted their task. The Division AlpinaTaurinense took 60 pigeons of which 52 returned to their dovecote, bearing the message. With the armistice, the dovecotes furniture moved into other areas gathered, while those still continued to be available for the deployed troops along the border.
The address of the service of dovecotes military was entrusted to the inspectorate of the troops of Engineers and every dovecote depended autonomous direction of Engineers in the territory of residence. Each pigeon was a non-commissioned officer in charge colombicultore practical matter.
In the mountains, the correspondence with pigeons was rough destined to supplant the ordinary means which were interrupted during the war, creating an alternate connection between the units and the strong mountain barrier. The matching service air was obtained by means of instinct that the pigeons have to return to their home. To allow communication between them the 7 dovecotes fixed present the Western Alps, were made the mutual exchange of pigeons. Made the exchange, each pigeon sent correspondence to the other squares giving freedom to the travelers belonging to the dovecotes of the square with which you wanted to match.
The dispatches, the maximum weight of a gram, were written on strips of silk paper that were placed in a rolled up tube of quill pen and tied to the tail feathers of the bird. Each dispatch-pigeon was normally transmitted by 3 travelers each provided with a copy and during the war the launch of the pigeons was performed at an interval of half an hour of each other. Of course it was mandatory to use, for the compilation of the dispatch, the cipher army.
Regarding dovecotes furniture, passenger transport was done in special cages, where a notice outside the scrolls were written directions; Furthermore the pigeons were distiniti for dovecote and sex, what needed to avoid errors in the transmission of dispatches-doves, and prevent procreassero and affezionassero in places unrelated to dovecote. At stops of more than 24 hours, travelers, still divided by gender, were placed in rooms dry, ventilated and illuminated. During the time that the pigeons were out of the dovecote, were sometimes frightened with rags or noise, to let them desire the primitive dwelling, where they were always treated well.
In September 1943, after the announcement of the armistice, the entire organization of the service in the various theaters of operation colombófilo dissolved. Many dovecotes were destroyed, removed the materials and documents burned or missing. Were saved from complete destruction only a few dovecotes military fixed because of the Western Alps protected by their respective owners. Even these dovecotes ‘survived’ were however short-lived: occupied by the German army during the retreat, with the cessation of military operations, in May 1945, were closed and abandoned. He was allowed to leave the only activity in military dovecote of Rome as the only training center for the engineers.
NEW FRONTIERS of Racing Pigeons: THE ONE LOFT RACE
At the beginning of the 90s a group of pigeon fanciers brings a revolutionary idea for what concerns the ‘idea of racing with pigeons known until now; the pioneer of this revolution of the pigeon racing world was the president of the International Federation Mr Carlos Marquet Pratz, which was the bizarre idea of competing on equal pigeons competitors of the most diverse areas of the world, gathered at an early age, grew up in single structure and employ these subjects in one program shared races in which to find the blood stronger and suitable for this type of competition. From the ‘idea to the facts is a short step, these competitions are taking hold and over the years dovecotes unique born in different parts before the’ Europe, then, thanks to prize money from competitions OLR dizziness born a bit ‘on every continent.
Until a International Federation Colombofila index the World Championship for One loft Race.
The reference site is: http://www.pigeons-grandprix.com/
Of the program stages is drawn every two years, is currently in force on the Olympic biennium 2015/2016